The fruit of the mulberry tree resembling the blackberry.
The origin of the mulberry tree
The tree with gray-brown bark originates from the temperate to subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. In Europe, the plant previously did not occur.
From mulberry, which is designated by botanical name as Morus, exist 15 species. Three of them are now to be found in Europe. These are the white, the black and red mulberry. The distribution in Europe was held by the Romans who brought the greenhouse.
The main reason for the import of white mulberry to Europe was sericulture. The Seidenwickler gladly settles on the leaves of the plant, which is why it was used for its breeding. Through cheap imports of silk from Southeast Asia silk production lost importance in Europe.
The fruits of the three genera occurring in Europe are edible. In addition to consuming juices and teas are produced from the plant. The black fruit is often used to treat inflammation in the throat and mouth.
Tips for planting the shrub
Young mulberry trees can be purchased at garden centers or nurseries markets. Important in the selection is the state of the root ball. Are brown discoloration and stunted roots visible, you should choose a different plant.
When planting time of the fall is the best season. The rootball should water enough in the soil before planting. Place the plant best in a bucket of water. Rising air bubbles from the roots more, you can plant the crop.
The planting hole for the mulberry should have twice the size as the root ball. Important is porous, commingled with sandy soil. After inserting the plant an extensive casting is required.
Mulberry trees can reach a height of up to 15 meters. When planting is therefore essential to the distance to neighboring properties, to respect the house and other larger plants. As an indication of the distance to the nearest building should be as a minimum the expected plant height.
When bucket planting is to be noted that no peat mixture is in the ground. The bucket requires a hole to drain excess irrigation water. Due to the rapid growth of the tree should be repotted in the early years annually.
Maintain the tree
If you have enough space, the mulberry tree as a great eye catcher is both in the garden and on the terrace. In general, the plant is very robust.
Thus, the mulberry tree bears numerous fruits, it requires a lot of nutrients. Plants in a vessel need a complete fertilizer. This is available in rods, powder or liquid form. In bed is an alternative to fertilizer also good offset compost suitable.
Besides fertilizer is sufficient water is very important. In summer you have the mulberry tree because of its high water demand one watering a week pervasive or twice. Potted plants tolerate some water in the saucer. In winter, a uniform soil moisture should be kept at a low level.
A cutting of the plant is not essential. To obtain the typical growth form, but you should prune branches and twigs. The tree can be safely cut in the form as fruits grow both young and to old wood. Potted plants you should repot regularly and cut the roots.
The mulberry tree is hardy to -20 ° C. An overwintering potted plants in the house should be at about five degrees. The location should be sunny to semi-shady,. In a light, well drained and rich in humus soil For potted plants to the garage or the basement is available as winter quarters.
In the field, mulberry trees are very pest resistant. Potted plants, however, are very susceptible to spider mites. The infestation is produced mostly by too high and dry winter temperature. A solution could be spray-washing with water free of lime. Insecticides based on rapeseed oil also helps against attack.
The mulberry tree in mythology
In mythology comes from the black mulberry tree a sad love story. This is about a couple, which could only meet secretly. Similar to Romeo and Juliet, the parents of the lovers Pyramus and Thisbe are against a liaison.
The pair conspired secretly one evening on a mulberry tree, wearing white fruit. Towards this meeting a lion attacked Thisbe. Thisbe fled, losing her shawl. This tore the lion with his bloody paws.
Pyramus found the torn and bloody scarf. He assumed the lion had killed Thisbe. In his grief, he commits suicide by his sword.
When Thisbe to the meeting point and returns the dead Pyramus finds, they also kill with the sword. The story tells that the blood of the two lovers has white fruits dark. Since then, the story serves to warn parents not to put the love of their children in the way.