simply explained structure of the cocoa bean

01-18  Source: Network gathering  Views:4 


simply explained structure of the cocoa bean

The cocoa fruit cocoa beans. Helene_Souza / Pixelio

Facts about Cocoa Bean

  • When cocoa beans, the fruit of the cocoa tree are commonly referred to, which is found mainly in South America and Africa.
  • There are also in the cocoa beans of different varieties, making a single description of the structure is difficult.
  • The unripe fruits have a green color and turn yellow, reddish yellow or reddish brown during the ripening process.
  • The fruits grow directly on the trunk of the cacao tree, which belongs to the mallow family.
  • What we call cocoa bean, is actually within the hard shell of the fruit of the cocoa tree.
  • Cocoa place today different applications: as a beverage, processed into chocolate, as a powder for baking and also in cosmetics.
  • From a cocoa tree can be a year about 30-50 fruit harvest.
  • It is grown extensively on plantations where the trees are cut down to 4 m Height (a wild cocoa tree grows up to 15 m).

Construction of the cocoa bean

  1. The shape of the cocoa fruit is elongated rather than round and it reaches a proud length of up to 25 cm.
  2. The structure of the fruit is similar to other tropical fruits. The cocoa beans are surrounded by a very tough, leathery shell.
  3. Within this shell, the cocoa beans are arranged in five rows, and since these beans are rather small, total includes a fruit up to 50 pieces.
  4. A small cocoa bean does not measure more than 2 cm in length and 1 cm in width and is surrounded by a sweet, white pulp.
  5. The pulp has a viscous consistency and does not play in the Western world despite its sweet taste a role.
  6. Uses are only the seed of the fruit, the famous cocoa beans from which cocoa butter, cocoa powder and cocoa mass produced.
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