The Icelandic language - an overview

01-27  Source: Network gathering  Views:3 


The Icelandic language - an overview

In picturesque Iceland an equally beautiful as well as difficult language is spoken.

A brief history

If you want to learn a Nordic language, do it with the Icelandic not easy - all you have but the exotic bonus on your side and speak one of the most archaic languages ​​in Europe.

  • Icelandic only of about 300,000 people is spoken - the Icelanders. Outside the island, hardly anyone speaks that language. Those studying Scandinavian studies, comes with the Icelandic contact, can really learn one language but for a longer stay on the island.
  • The Icelandic language belongs to the Germanic language family, here more specifically to the North Germanic. Today Icelandic evolved from Old Norse, which then split into Altwestnordisch (Old Icelandic and Old Norse) and Altostnordisch (Old Danish and Old Swedish). The Icelandic language is Nordic very similar to the old (west) still, in terms of morphology. While today's Danish, Swedish and Norwegian a simpler grammar and morphology exhibit as the German, like English, is Icelandic quite difficult to learn still - imagine you wanted to speak Latin fluently, but with less clear rules, which relates to the membership of the nouns and verbs to the declination or conjugation.
  • The language that today is the Icelandic closest is the Faroese. One could almost say, is here a mixture of Icelandic and Danish.

The pronunciation of the Icelandic

Icelandic probably sounds beautiful and strange at the same time in your ears. Actually makes the language of sounds use, you need to practice first.

  • The Icelandic r is rolled - but not the back of the throat, but forward with the tongue. If you can not pronounce this rolled r, it is practice, practice, practice. Try once sound combinations as vowel + r, which is lighter than pr or similar.
  • Icelandic is one of the few languages ​​that contain unvoiced nasals. This may sound even when you would simply exhale. Practice these sounds by n and m articulate and then simply omit the voice case.
  • Some sounds in Icelandic be präaspiriert. This means that they are "aspirated" in front of the articulation.
  • The Icelandic shows some letters that does not have the German language, but still occur in Old Norse. It involves the þ (Thorn), which is pronounced like an unvoiced th in English, which ð (Eth), a voiced th, and æ that is as pronounced egg. In addition, the vowels can including the y (pronounced i) carry an accent, which in turn changes its sound quality.

To speak the Icelandic language correctly, you need a lot of practice and a lot of patience. The best way to learn this in a language course in the country.

Icelandic grammar - a challenge

In addition to the difficult debate you have to overcome a second hurdle in learning Icelandic: grammar.

  • The Icelandic is a very archaic grammar - similar to ancient languages ​​such as Latin or Greek, you may have learned. The only problem is that you do not want Latin or ancient Greek fluently, but only read or translate - Icelandic but already.
  • The Icelandic language inflected extremely strong. There are diffracted not only nouns, pronouns, verbs and articles, but also number of words and proper names.
  • There are like in English four cases: nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. You must mitlernen with the nouns to which declension they belong. The article also flexes and is appended as certain products directly to the word (Hestur = horse Hesturinn = the horse). The adjectives is by gender, case, and weak / strong declines.
  • The personal pronoun is unusually distinguished in the third person plural between masculine, feminine and neuter. Rein male groups are referred to with the masculine, all-female groups with the feminine and neuter or mixed groups with the neutral personal pronoun. Other pronouns eischließlich the interrogative pronouns inflected.
  • The verbs represent another problem: They are distinguished by weak and strong conjugation, then being further separated by different weak and strong conjugation. In fact, you must mitlernen the correct conjugation for each verb.

If you have not deterred these embodiments, a very interesting and exotic language studies is located in front of you.

Related articles
  • The Icelandic language - an overview 01-27

    In picturesque Iceland an equally beautiful as well as difficult language is spoken. A brief history If you want to learn a Nordic language, do it with the Icelandic not easy - all you have but the exotic bonus on your side and speak one of the most

  • Icelandic, the most difficult language? - 5 difficulty 03-15

    Little adjustments make Icelandic complicated On current theories of language languages ​​develop more slowly if an isolated locale exists. Since the 9th century settled Norwegian Vikings on the island of Iceland. Since then, the Icelanders did not h

  • Minion language - the Banana Language Overview 09-30

    The Minions are small animated characters with their own language. These are the Minions In the films "I - Despicable" is about a supervillain named Gru Though he is evil, he is endearing in a way, which may be due to his boundless megalomania..

  • WoW: language of the peoples - an overview 02-09

    Communication can not be difficult only in real life. General information on the language in WoW In WoW there often comes to communicate with his fellow players. This case, not only through external programs during a guild events, but especially over

  • Translating Texts with Translation Apps - an overview 05-31

    Use your smartphone with a translation app for translations. The Internet is multilingual. When you surf on international websites, you should speak English well. Other language skills are necessary if you want to retrieve specific content. To transl

  • Windows 7 Starter - Switch language 04-07

    Change the language in Windows. change the language in the operating system Windows 7 Starter If you now buy a netbook, you will find 7 Starter on it most likely the Windows operating system. Windows 7 Starter is the compact version of Windows 7 and

  • install Monkey Iceland 3 under Windows 7 03-23

    So easy to install Monkey Iceland. 3 The third part of the game Monkey Iceland was published in 1997 - ie at a time, in the well itself be Microsoft Windows 7 had not yet planned. Meanwhile, a lot has changed when it comes to graphics and system - an

  • In the chat language capitalize - Meaning 05-02

    To use the chat language properly. It is a direct chat language for more expression As you may have visited one or other chat, where they are encountered abbreviations and terms that have you conjured up an invisible question mark over his head. Do n

  • Language of the Sinti - so you learn Romanes 09-15

    Interested in the Sinti and their language? Anyone interested in the language of the Sinti, should know that many traditional Sinti reject the transfer or the teaching of their language to Nichtsinti first. It is under a special protection and is use

  • Learn sign language - online 11-19

    Let your hands do the talking Günter_Havlena / Pixelio Fingeralphabet sign language Search online first finger spelling out. It provides a good introduction to sign language. Print out the overview and practice first, the letters from A to Z. Next st

  • With Vistalizator change the language of Windows 01-02

    Perhaps solves Vistalizator the problem. About Your Vistalizator If your computer is running the operating system Windows Vista or 7, you can change into the Versions Ultimate, Business and Enterprise, the language in the system settings. In the othe

  • In Firefox change language - how it works 01-04

    Firefox may have multiple languages. install Mozilla Firefox on the computer If you want to use the Internet browser Firefox, you must install this only on your computer: Log onto the Internet and search for the term Firefox. Already you get a few pa

  • learn American - so it'll work without a language course 01-17

    Learn American in the United States. How casually learn American A so pleasant as effective way to learn American, is watching films in their original version. On most DVDs, the American version is available. Explore initially the German version in o

  • What languages ​​are spoken at the Vatican? 01-17

    Latin is still the official language of the Vatican. The Latin language at the Vatican Sure would initially indicate that Latin is spoken in Vatican. In fact, Latin is still the first official language of the Papal States. But as obvious as you might

  • Music types - Overview 01-22

    U- or E-Music - the division is not always easy. As you can divide types of music? The categories E for serious and U for popular music are still a common classification. Under classical music classical music and jazz are recorded. As popular music r

  • Under Vista switch the language - so it'll work 01-24

    A button for changing the language, there is not - but it's easy. Windows Vista - bulky and unpopular For many years used Windows users especially the 98er version, then XP became the favorites. Vista should be "the next big thing", but that did

  • Horses imported from Iceland to Germany - to note 01-27

    Iceland horses grow up in freedom. Gitti / Pixelio The Iceland horse from the island Iceland horses are very popular because you are frugal, hard, persistent and friendly, have a very pleasant character and also have the other gaits tölt and usually

  • The best-known biomarkers - Overview 01-30

    More and more people buy biomarkers. Biomarkers compared to branded products Early biomarkers often had the reputation that it does not taste, is expensive and only for tree huggers. The last decade has changed significantly. The products taste now a

  • Charlemagne and his language 02-18

    Charlemagne shaped European history. The language of the Franks The exact birthplace of Charlemagne is unknown. However, there are indications that this is the (now Belgian) community Herstal. In the 40 years of the eighth century this area belonged

  • Tropical Iceland in Berlin - Insider Tips to visit the adventure pool 02-21

    In Tropical Iceland you will find a Palm beach. The Tropical Iceland is not in Berlin, as many mistakenly believe, but between the capital and Dresden and near the A13 motorway. It is about 60 kilometers from the south of Berlin. See a huge hall is u