What has brought the French Revolution?

03-18  Source: Network gathering  Views:5 


What has brought the French Revolution?

Freedom, equality, fraternity - The three terms of the revolution.

The beginnings of the French Revolution

Situation was France in the 18th century. Absolutism reigned over millions of French residents who were firmly rooted in one of the three estates. The king took the complete power over everything and it was not possible to obtain political voice - any attempts at revolution were, if possible, nipped in the bud.

  • In particular, the high tax burden, which fell only to its lowest level, the third, in conjunction with the high cost of living, led to massive discontent.
  • During the same time always developed political philosophers like Kant, Montesquieu or Rousseau new models for division of state powers and educating the uneducated, sat absolutism the people to always on.
  • Since the Kingdom of France also was in debt as high, the finance minister had endeavored to pass on tax also to the upper classes - the attempt failed. However, it came to the national assembly, in which the lowermost layer was measured at their actual size disadvantage enormously. Only when the pressure became too great, the king agreed to the doubling of the representatives of the Third Estate.

This has brought the revolt ultimately

  • The inferior objects made from the Assembly a National Assembly, which had to accept the king - he had no choice under the circumstances. The farmers swore an persevere until they have the changes they demanded, secured in a constitution for all eternity before him.
  • The anger of the people, however, became bigger and bigger, until it erupted particularly by the continuing starvation on the historic July 14: The storming of the Bastille, the state penitentiary. This had indeed brought little superficial, but can be seen in retrospect as the start of the French Revolution.
  • Other churches and castles were stormed, the king was overwhelmed - the people were outraged and first saw a chance in the centuries deadlocked system. The National Assembly was towards the whole powerless many points demanded of the third estate has been taken. Among other things, the exemption of the first and second class but also of serfdom and the venality of all offices were abolished.
  • But still it was not enough: The August 26 included the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of every human being. 1791 on the third September came the incision, which has brought the greatest success for France: The new constitution was adopted - the state was now controlled by three powers. Executive, judicial and legislative branches since forming the government system in France.
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